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Hoa Lu Ancient Capital

Hoa Lu ancient capital was the first capital of Vietnam in the 10th and 11th century. At that time, the country was divided into 12 feudal warlords and they were fighting with each other to rule the country. It made a big internal war in Vietnam at that time. As one of the warlords, Dinh Bo Linh took his troops to defeat others, unified country and declared himself king in 938. People called him King Dinh and the country named Dai Co Viet.

Under Dinh dynasty, the country was very wealthy, local people were happy with a peaceful life. Unfortunately, Dinh dynasty was only last in 12 years from 968-980 as the King and the first son were assassinated. 

After the death of King Dinh, the dynasty was continued by his 6-year-old son – Dinh Toan, it turned the country into the turmoil until Le Hoan – the top general under Dinh dynasty re-establish it. 

Later, he married Duong Van Nga – Dinh Tien Hoang’s widow, mother of Dinh Toan and got the throne from Dinh Toan. Dinh Dynasty ended in 980, and changed into Le dynasty – Le Hoan declared himself king under the name Le Dai Hanh. Le Dai Hanh passed away in 1005, then his son succeeded his throne until 1009 Ly Thai To (birth name: Ly Cong Uan) took over the country and Ly Dynasty was established 

The reason that Dinh Tien Hoang and Le Dai Hanh chose Hoa Lu was the capital as its strategic location. The capital was surrounded by hundreds of limestone mountains to protect the capital from invaders. However, Hoa Lu was a small area, it was difficult to develop commerce and agriculture. In 1010, Ly Thai To decided to move the capital from Hoa Lu to Thang Long (old name of Hanoi) which near Red River – the biggest river in north Vietnam with fertile land.

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