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HANOI CITY TOUR WITH TOP 10 ATTRACTIONS

Where to go around for Hanoi city tour? What to visit around Hanoi cỉty?  What is special about Hanoi city ? These will definitely be questions that travelers will always look for answers to find suggestions for the journey to explore in Hanoi. The following 10 attractions place in Hanoi will be well worth for your Hanoi city tour to save in your notebook.

  1. Ho Chi Minh Complex

Located in the heart of Hanoi city, in the area of Ba Dinh district – the political center of the capital, Ho Chi Minh complex is considered as a symbol of Hanoi and an attractive tourist attraction for visitors when traveling to Hanoi.

The complex is a series of monuments of Ho Chi Minh – the greatest president of the Vietnamese nation, they are Ho Chi Minh Mausoleum, Ho Chi Minh Museum, Ba Dinh Square, One Pillar Pagoda, Presidential Palace, and Uncle Ho’s stilt house.

  1. Ho Chi Minh Mausoleum

On September 2, 1969, Ho Chi Minh – “Uncle Ho” – the great leader of the Vietnamese nation died when the war of reunification of the country was in the most fierce period, leaving immense grief for the whole Vietnamese nation. The protection of his body during the war was also a very arduous journey of the Vietnamese army and people at that time.

Wishing to honor President Ho Chi Minh’s great contributions to Vietnam as well as creat Uncle Ho’s witness to the North-South Independence and Reunification Day, in 1973, the Vietnamese government and people began built Mausoleum and decided this would be his last resting place. Every day, thousands of descendants come here to visit “Uncle Ho”, sending him the freshest flowers to say thank you. “Uncle” has gone away but still lives in the hearts of Vietnamese people and is a pride and respect forever.

  1. Ho Chi Minh Museum

Ho Chi Minh Museum was officially opened in 1990, to commemorate President Ho Chi Minh’s 100th birthday. The museum was built in the shape of a lotus flower, considered the national flower of Vietnam and also associated with the name of the village of President Ho Chi Minh in Nghe An: Kim Lien, it’s mean is the golden lotus.

The museum has 3 floors and is about 20 meters high. More than 2000 documents, miniatures and exhibits about President Ho Chi Minh’s extraordinary life are stored and displayed here. Along with that is the historical evidence of two Vietnamese heroic wars in the 20th century.

  1. One Pillar Pagoda

One Pillar Pagoda was constructed by Emperor Ly Thai Tong of the Ly Dynasty in the winter of October (Lunar calendar) in 1049. The pagoda has only one space built on a stone pillar in the middle of a square lotus pond, it is like a big lotus in the sky. It is not only a symbol of Hanoi city but also a symbol of the thousands of years of existence and development of Buddhism in Vietnam.

With its unique architecture as well as historical value thousands of years, this pagoda is one of the most revered sights in Hanoi and attracts a lot of tourists every year.

  1. Presidential Palace

 is the longest living and working place of President Ho Chi Minh, from 19th December 1954 to 02nd September 1969 ( when he died) and is classified as a special national monument. Here, every memento is recording the image of Uncle Ho at work, when meeting with people from all over the country.

  1. Uncle Ho’s stilt house

 is located in the large garden behind the Presidential Palace. There is a narrow cobblestone path, flanked by mango trees leading to here, an idyllic small stilt house amidst the canopy of trees. It was the house where Uncle Ho lived and worked from May 17, 1958, until his death. It is also a place to welcome many political delegations, heads of state from many countries around the world and millions of compatriots across the country, expatriates or foreign tourists to visit him in Hanoi.

It’s really impossible to find a simple house of a leader like this. Downstairs is a meeting room where Uncle Ho often meets with the Politburo. On the upper floor are 2 small rooms where Uncle Ho works and the bedroom with simple items such as a single wooden bed with a small blanket, an old fan, a rush mat, a bottle of water. In front of the house is Uncle Ho’s fish pond, on the banks of the pond, are orchids blooming year-round.

The Uncle Ho stilt house is not only of historical significance but also an architectural work imbued with Vietnamese national culture. Going on sightseeing, visitors feel very warm and simple, just like his heart, simple but full of immense love.

  1. Temple of Literature

Temple of Literature is always a tourist destination to explore Hanoi.

Temple of Literature is a historical monument that symbolizes Vietnam’s cultural development process as well as an icon of traditional Vietnamese architecture. It was built by King Ly Thanh Tong of the Ly Dynasty in 1070.

The architectural complex of here includes Literature Lake, Giam Garden, Temple of Literature where worship Confucius and his great students, Quoc Tu Giam which is considered as the first university of Viet Nam. During the feudal period of Vietnam, especially under the Ly, Tran and Le dynasties, it was the most important educational center of the country, teaching its scholars principles of literature, poetry, Confucianism. In 1484, during the reign of King Le Thanh Tong, to honor the talent doctorates, the king erected beer and engraved names for those who passed the exam from 1442 onwards. Each examination was a stele placed on the back of the turtle. Over a long period of time with major historical events of the nation, the Temple of Literature still preserves 82 steles of 1304 doctor laureates. And this place becomes a sacred place for Vietnamese students to pray for their dreams before important examinations and to take photos to commemorate their graduation.

Every inner space is built with different special architecture and is separated by 3 gates: the big gate in the middle, two small ports on the sides. It is really a unique literary space with ancient architecture in the bustling modern city center

  1. Hanoi’s Old Quarter

Hanoi is a land of thousands of years of history, containing so many cultural and historical values of Vietnamese people. Referring to Hanoi, you’ve probably heard of the phrase “Hanoi 36 streets” or “Hanoi Old Quarter”. Coming here, visitors will have the opportunity to explore the thousand-year history of the capital with unique architectural houses on busy roads and colorful local markets.

This busy residential and commercial area has been established since the Ly – Tran dynasties, located in the east of Thang Long Citadel to the Red River.

The most famous feature of the old quarter is the craft streets. Thousand of a year ago, craftsmen from the craft villages around Thang Long used to gather here, focusing on each area of their profession. The merchant ships can go to the middle of the street to trade, making the craft town more developed. And the product which they made that becomes the street name, with the word “Hang” in front of it such as Hang Bac to sell silver or jewelry, Hang Duong to sell sweet, Hang Bong to sell cotton, Hang Luoc to sell comb,… Another feature of the old town is the architecture of old houses. They are dwarf tube houses that are tiled, very narrow and adjacent with uneven height. In feudal times, all houses must be lower than the palanquin of the king when visiting the streets, which is the reason to make a difference in their architecture.

  1. Hoan Kiem Lake & Ngoc Son Temple

Hoan Kiem Lake is a top natural beauty spot in Hanoi, attracting millions of tourists each year

In the center of the city, an area of ​​about 12ha, surrounded by streets of Dinh Tien Hoang, Le Thai To, Hang Khay is about 1,800m long. The surface of the water is a large mirror reflecting the ancient trees, the willow trees, mossy old towers, new high-rise buildings rising to the blue sky. The lake is a vestige of a Nhi Ha river ( Hong River), it used to be called Ho Luc Thuy because the water is green all year round. In the 15th century, the lake was renamed Hoan Kiem Lake, associated with the legend of returning the magic sword to the Golden Turtle. After defeating the Ming invaders, Le Loi ascended the throne to reign, taking the era name as Le Thai To and Thang Long was chosen as the capital. Once the king sailed on Luc Thuy Lake when he suddenly appeared a big turtle. Le Thai To raised his sword, the sword flew towards the turtle. The turtle kept the sword and dived to the bottom of the lake. After that Luc Thuy Lake got the new name as Hoan Kiem Lake (return the sword) or the Sword Lake.

Whenever talking about Hoan Kiem Lake, we will immediately remember impressive architectural works such as But Tower, Nghien Tower, Turtle Tower, The Huc Bridge, and especially Ngoc Son Temple.

Ngoc Son Temple is located in the center of the beautiful Ngoc Island, the only fault leading to the temple is The Huc Bridge with the classic red color typical of Vietnam. This is the place to worship Saint Tran Hung Dao and Quan Vu De and the two martial generals are classified as “Saints” in Vietnamese religious culture. Visitors will admire the ancient Vietnamese architecture in the patterns and antiques in the temple

Situated on a small island in the middle of Hoan Kiem Lake, Turtle Tower is a special highlight of the fascinating poetic scenery of Hoan Kiem Lake. Construction began in the 18th century, and until the 19th century, the Turtle Tower was completed and today the Turtle Tower has become a symbol of peace in Hanoi. Turtle Tower and Hoan Kiem Lake with legends of great significance to Vietnamese history, bearing the message of support for the struggles to defend the Fatherland: The righteous will win. Many people and tourists were fortunate to witness the appearance of the Old Turtle at Hoan Kiem Lake.

  1. Museum of Ethnology

For many visitors when traveling to Hanoi, the Museum is always on the list of places must-see and can’t miss.

It is around 8 kilometers from the Old Quarter, Museum of Ethnology is located on Nguyen Van Huyen street. The museum is like a miniature picture of the history and culture of the 54 ethnic groups in Vietnam with diverse cultural features.

The museum is divided into three main display areas: Trong Dong building, the outdoor exhibition area, and the Southeast Asia exhibition area.

Trong Dong building: Artifacts are displayed in many different types such as costumes, jewelry, weapons, musical instruments, religion, beliefs, and many other spiritual activities. According to current statistics, there is a total of 15,000 artifacts, 237 sounds, 42,000 photos, and documents of 54 ethnic groups in Vietnam are displayed here, this is a great resource for visitors to discover Vietnam.

After visiting the Trong Dong building, visitors will see a large yard, it is an outdoor display area. Here, visitors will come across the unique architecture of the local people such as the Tay stilt house, the Ed stilt house, the ground floor of the Pom’d plank of H’mong people and a mortar pounded rice with water power of the Dao,…

Visitors can observe and learn about traditional life and culture of the ethnic minorities through a number of traditional events on display such as wedding and funerals ceremonies, Lunar New Year customs, social activities,…

Lastly, visitors can visit Southeast Asia exhibit space inside the museum. This is a display area was built in the shape of a kite – a traditional culture not only for Vietnam but also for the ASEAN region. Kite symbolizes dreams, ambitions, and freedom.

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